Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, the future Mother Teresa, was born on 26 August 1910, in Skopje, Macedonia, to Albanian heritage. Her father, a well-respected local businessman, died when she was eight years old, leaving her mother, a devoutly religious woman, to open an embroidery and cloth business to support the family. After spending her adolescence deeply involved in parish activities, Agnes left home in September 1928, for the Loreto Convent in Rathfarnam (Dublin), Ireland, where she was admitted as a postulant on October 12 and received the name of Teresa, after her patroness, St. Therese of Lisieux.
Agnes was sent by the Loreto order to India and arrived in Calcutta on 6 January 1929. Upon her arrival, she joined the Loreto novitiate in Darjeeling. She made her final profession as a Loreto nun on 24 May 1937, and hereafter was called Mother Teresa. While living in Calcutta during the 1930s and ’40s, she taught in St. Mary’s Bengali Medium School.
On 10 September 1946, on a train journey from Calcutta to Darjeeling, Mother Teresa received what she termed the “call within a call,” which was to give rise to the Missionaries of Charity family of Sisters, Brothers, Fathers, and Co-Workers. The content of this inspiration is revealed in the aim and mission she would give to her new institute: “to quench the infinite thirst of Jesus on the cross for love and souls” by “labouring at the salvation and sanctification of the poorest of the poor.” On October 7, 1950, the new congregation of the Missionaries of Charity was officially erected as a religious institute for the Archdiocese of Calcutta.
Throughout the 1950s and early 1960s, Mother Teresa expanded the work of the Missionaries of Charity both within Calcutta and throughout India. On 1 February 1965, Pope Paul VI granted the Decree of Praise to the Congregation, raising it to pontifical right. The first foundation outside India opened in Cocorote, Venezuela, in 1965. The Society expanded to Europe (the Tor Fiscale suburb of Rome) and Africa (Tabora, Tanzania) in 1968.
From the late 1960s until 1980, the Missionaries of Charity expanded both in their reach across the globe and in their number of members. Mother Teresa opened houses in Australia, the Middle East, and North America, and the first novitiate outside Calcutta in London. In 1979 Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. By that same year there were 158 Missionaries of Charity foundations.
The Missionaries of Charity reached Communist countries in 1979 with a house in Zagreb, Croatia, and in 1980 with a house in East Berlin, and continued to expand through the 1980s and 1990s with houses in almost all Communist nations, including 15 foundations in the former Soviet Union. Despite repeated efforts, however, Mother Teresa was never able to open a foundation in China.
Mother Teresa spoke at the fortieth anniversary of the United Nations General Assembly in October 1985. On Christmas Eve of that year, Mother Teresa opened “Gift of Love” in New York, her first house for AIDS patients. In the coming years, this home would be followed by others, in the United States and elsewhere, devoted specifically for those with AIDS.
From the late 1980s through the 1990s, despite increasing health problems, Mother Teresa traveled across the world for the profession of novices, opening of new houses, and service to the poor and disaster-stricken. New communities were founded in South Africa, Albania, Cuba, and war-torn Iraq. By 1997, the Sisters numbered nearly 4,000 members, and were established in almost 600 foundations in 123 countries of the world.
After a summer of traveling to Rome, New York, and Washington, in a weak state of health, Mother Teresa returned to Calcutta in July 1997. At 9:30 PM, on 5 September, Mother Teresa died at the Motherhouse. Her body was transferred to St Thomas’s Church, next to the Loreto convent where she had first arrived nearly 69 years earlier. Hundreds of thousands of people from all classes and all religions, from India and abroad, paid their respects. She received a state funeral on 13 September, her body being taken in procession – on a gun carriage that had also borne the bodies of Mohandas K. Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru – through the streets of Calcutta. Presidents, prime ministers, queens, and special envoys were present on behalf of countries from all over the world.
On Having a Humble Opinion of Oneself
Knowledge is a natural desire in all people.But knowledge for its own sake is useless unless you fear God.An unlearned peasant,whose contentment is in the service of God,is far better than the learned and the clever,whose pride in their knowledge leads them to neglect their souls while fixing their attention on the stars.
True self knowledge makes you aware of your own worthlessness and you will take no pleasure in the praises of others.If your knowledge encompasses the universe and the love of God in not in you,what good will it do you in God’s sight?He will judge you according to your own actions.
An overweening desire for knowledge brings many distractions and much delusion.Many like to be considered learned and to be praised for their wisdom;how much knowledge there is which adds nothing to the good of the soul.To spend yourself on worldly pursuits which do nothing to further your eternal salvation is unwise.
It is useless to spend much time in talking;only a holy life and a good conscience will ease your mind and satisfy your soul,enabling you to face God with confidence.
Remember the more you know,the more severely you will be judged.So do not be proud of any skill or knowledge you may have,for such is an awesome responsibility.No matter how much you know,realize how much there is that you do not know.Do not be afraid to acknowledge your own ignorance.
Why have an exalted opinion of yourself when you know there are many,even in your own field,whose knowledge surpasses yours?If you want to learn anything worthwhile,seek rather to be unknown and to be thought as nothing.
Nothing is so beneficial as a true knowledge of ourselves,which produces a wholesome self contempt.Always think kindly of others,while holding yourself as nothing;this is true wisdom and leads to perfection.If you see another commit a grevious sin,or whose faults are flagrant,do not regard yourself as better,for you do not know what you would do if similarily tempted.You are in good disposition now,but you do not know how long you will persevere in it.Always keep in mind that all are frail,but none so frail as yourself.
~The Imitation of Christ~